Fossil Fuels

Underground Gas Storage: Worldwide Experiences and Future by D J Evans, R A Chadwick

Posted On February 25, 2017 at 3:29 pm by / Comments Off on Underground Gas Storage: Worldwide Experiences and Future by D J Evans, R A Chadwick

By D J Evans, R A Chadwick

The united kingdom grew to become a web importer of usual fuel in 2004 and through 2020 will import as much as ninety% of its specifications, leaving it liable to expanding power debts and threat of disruption to provide. New pipelines to Europe and enhancements to interconnectors will meet a few call for, yet executive recognises the necessity for elevated fuel garage skill: top met through the development of underground garage amenities. strength defense has additionally raised the possibility of a brand new iteration of coal-fired power-stations, which to be environmentally manageable, would require clean-coal applied sciences with near-zero greenhouse gasoline emissions. A key section of this approach may be underground CO2 garage. This quantity studies the applied sciences and concerns interested by the underground garage of usual fuel and CO2, with examples from the united kingdom and out of the country. the opportunity of underground garage of different gases reminiscent of hydrogen, or compressed air associated with renewable resources can also be reviewed.The Geological Society of LondonFounded in 1807, the Geological Society of London is the oldest geological society on the earth, and one of many greatest publishers within the Earth sciences.The Society publishes quite a lot of top quality peer-reviewed titles for teachers and pros operating within the geosciences, and enjoys an enviable foreign attractiveness for the standard of its work.The many parts within which we post in include:-Petroleum geology-Tectonics, structural geology and geodynamics-Stratigraphy, sedimentology and paleontology-Volcanology, magmatic stories and geochemistry-Remote sensing-History of geology-Regional geology courses

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Extra info for Underground Gas Storage: Worldwide Experiences and Future Development in the UK and Europe (Geological Society Special Publication No. 313)

Example text

In caverns, the cushion gas is also required to sustain mechanical stability. In oil and gas fields the cushion gas volume may consist of recoverable and non-recoverable in-situ gas volumes and injected gas volumes. The cushion 27 gas is usually owned or leased by the operator of the UGS facility. The sum of cushion and working gas is often called the inventory. The deliverability is the amount of gas that can be delivered (withdrawn) from a storage facility per unit of time. It is usually constant for a large part of the working volume, but may decline when a large part of the working volume has been produced as pressures in the reservoir or cavern decrease.

Salt cavern leaching process and system components. salt domes are generally more than 1000 m high and several kilometres in diameter. Many salt storage caverns have been created in bedded halite deposits, for instance in France, Canada and the northern and eastern USA, and are under development in China. Bedded halite consists of thinner (100 –300 m) halite beds commonly with interbeds of insoluble material, such as mudstone, sandstone, limestone, dolomite and anhydrite. Due to the thinner salt bed geometries, the volume of these caverns will be smaller than the volumes of caverns in salt domes, but can be maximized by using different shapes with a larger width/height ratio.

This could threaten UK market deliverability, price stability and security of supply. Gas imports via new pipelines and liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminals will partially fill the shortfall but there will be a requirement for seasonal and strategic gas storage capacity. Government recognizes the need for greater storage capability in the UK (DTI 2006c, d, 2007), which can be provided by underground gas storage (UGS) facilities. These have and will be developed both in depleted oil and gas fields and solution-mined salt caverns, both onand offshore UK.

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