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The United States, Italy and NATO, 1947–52 by E.Timothy Smith

Posted On February 25, 2017 at 3:19 pm by / Comments Off on The United States, Italy and NATO, 1947–52 by E.Timothy Smith

By E.Timothy Smith

Analyzes the growth people nationwide safeguard pursuits in Italy. It starts off with the onset of the chilly conflict, whilst the united states deepened its dedication to Western Europe and the Mediterranean area and sought to bolster the Italian executive to avoid the Italian Communist celebration from gaining power.

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The United States, Italy and NATO, 1947–52

Analyzes the growth folks nationwide safeguard pursuits in Italy. It starts off with the onset of the chilly warfare, while the USA deepened its dedication to Western Europe and the Mediterranean quarter and sought to reinforce the Italian govt to avoid the Italian Communist occasion from gaining strength.

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An American withdrawal from, and a communist success in Greece would greatly weaken the determination of constitutional forces resisting communism elsewhere. The Truman administration feared that, without US support, stability in that vital area of the world would be disrupted and the faith of nations in the ability of democracy "to maintain itself" would be weakened. 33 It is clear that, despite its phrasing in universalistic terms, the key to understanding the Truman Doctrine has been its impact in Western Europe.

28 The US recognized the strategic importance of Italy in both its European and Near 24 The United States, Italy and NATO, 1947-52 Eastern context. The newly formed Central Intelligence Agency defined its importance to US security based on its position on the edge of the Soviet sphere and on the Western orientation of its government. The agency believed that if Italy were to become a communist state, there would be adverse effects in Western Europe, the Mediterranean and the Near East. A communist Italy would provide the Soviets with bases which "would pose a direct threat to the security of US communications through the Mediterranean to Greece, Turkey, and the Near East oil fields.

In less explicit form, corporative procedures remained intact. Economic interests were allowed to continue in their old routines. In their economic policy the DC demonstrated a tendency to leave unchanged a number of the laws and institutions of fascism. 11 The best examples of such institutions were the Confederazione Generale Dell'Industria Italian a (CGH), or Confidustria, and the IRI. The CGH flourished in the fascist era as an instrument of the corporate state, and its reorganization in 1944 was relatively insignificant.

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