Fundamentals of Petrophysics by Shenglai Yang (auth.)
By Shenglai Yang (auth.)
In this e-book, the elemental wisdom all in favour of petroleum & gasoline improvement engineering, corresponding to actual and chemical phenomena, actual strategies and the connection among actual components is roofed. it truly is prepared into three Sections. part 1 together with bankruptcy 1-4 is to introduce the houses of fluids (gases, hydrocarbon beverages, and aqueous solutions). part II together with bankruptcy 5-7 is to introduce the porous rock homes of reservoir rocks. part III together with bankruptcy 8-10 is to introduce the mechanism of multiphase fluid stream in porous medium. The ebook is written essentially to serve execs operating within the petroleum engineering box. it may possibly even be used as reference publication for postgraduate and undergraduate scholars besides for the comparable oil fields in petroleum geology, oil creation engineering, reservoir engineering and adorning oil recovery.
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During this ebook, the basic wisdom fascinated about petroleum & fuel improvement engineering, equivalent to actual and chemical phenomena, actual methods and the connection among actual components is roofed. it really is prepared into three Sections. part 1 together with bankruptcy 1-4 is to introduce the homes of fluids (gases, hydrocarbon beverages, and aqueous solutions).
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2) According to the composition, natural gas can be described in two ways: dry gas and wet gas, or poor gas and rich gas. 5 cm3/m3 at standard temperature and pressure. 5 cm3/m3. Poor gas: On analysis of the wellhead effluents which are subjected to standard temperature and pressure, the content of liquid C3+ heavy hydrocarbons is less than 94 cm3/m3. Rich gas: On analysis of the wellhead effluents which are subjected to standard temperature and pressure, the content of liquid C3+ heavy hydrocarbons is more than 94 cm3/m3.
For example, the bicarbonate-sodium water refers to the water in which the bicarbonate-sodium is in a tendency to appear. 1. The classiﬁcation of water—Sulin’s system According to the chemical components in water or, in other words, their 2À þ Na þ ÀClÀ ; ClÀ ÀNa þ ; SOÀ4 and Ca2 þ , milligram-equivalent concentration: Na À ; 2À 2þ Cl Cl Mg Mg2 þ SO4 and water is classiﬁed to four types. (1) Sulfate-sodium (Na2SO4) type: It represents an environment of continental washing. Generally speaking, this type reflects a weak enclosed condition on which the oil and gas could not be gathered or stored easily.
93 g/cm3 (20 °C). 5. This is the international classiﬁcation standard according to the speciﬁc gravity. Most of the oil in China is medium density or heavy oil. 7 show the tank-oil properties of both home and abroad. 3 The Classiﬁcation of Reservoir Oil 1. By Viscosity Viscosity is a major physical property of crude oil, because it is one of the factors control the well productivity, the level of complexity in developing, and the ultimate recovery. 920 under reservoir conditions. 8. 2. By States Condensate oil The hydrocarbons are in gaseous state under reservoir conditions.