Crop Science

Cardamom The Genus Elettaria by P. N. Ravindran, K.J. Madhusoodanan

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By P. N. Ravindran, K.J. Madhusoodanan

Cardamom differently referred to as Malabar cardamom, precise cardamom or small cardamom moment in simple terms to pepper in its significance in the course of the Renaissance interval, is frequently certified because the Queen of Spices due to its very friendly aroma and flavor. The Western Ghat woodland of the Malabar coast, India, is the guts of starting place and variety for cardamom and it may well were nature's layout that the King and Queen of spices (black pepper and cardamom) originated within the comparable forest.

This quantity comprises 16 chapters, fourteen on cardamom and one every one on huge cardamom and fake cardamoms. All facets of the cardamom crop were coated during this quantity, and every bankruptcy is written by means of specialists of their respective fields. This quantity is visualized as either a textbook and reference paintings for scientists and scholars of horticulture, plantation vegetation, botany and comparable fields, and should pass directly to function the most reference quantity on cardamom for a few years to return.

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The mean number of panicles/plant is higher in Malabar than the other two. , 1999). Spike variability is given in Fig. 21a,b,c. 2 cm). 58 recorded the highest number of bearing tillers per plant (27). 8 gives the data on variability in the var. Malabar. In the var. 8 per cent) and internode length of panicles (69 per cent). 3 cm). Moderate variability existed for bearing tillers/plant, capsule breadth, capsule length, total tillers/plant etc. 9). In var. 8 Variability in cardamom var. Malabar Characters Mean Range CV (%) Plant height (cm) Total tillers/plant Productive tillers/plant* Leafy stem diam.

Madhusoodanan, K. N. Ravindran Growth regulators are useful in increasing fruit set. Krishnamurthy et al. 3). Significant differences could be noticed in the case of fruit set. Tissue concentration of auxins was highest 36 h after pollination (315 mg/g) and then declined to 80 mg/g 30 days after pollination. The fall in auxin activity resulted in the formation of an abcission zone resulting in the shedding of immature capsules. Application of 40 ppm NAA or 4 ppm 2,4-D decreased the capsule drop and also led to an increase in yield (Vasanthakumar and Mohanakumaran, 1988).

Notes E – Erect panicle; SE – Semierect; P – Prostrate; Sim. – Simple; MB – Multibranched; T – Tall; D – Dwarf; G – Glabrous (Nonpubescent) leaf; Pub. – Pubescent leaf. © 2002 Taylor & Francis Botany, crop improvement and biotechnology of cardamom 45 an in vitro gene bank. 4). 1 Genetic variability Krishnamurthy et al. (1989) classified the germplasm accessions of cardamom available at the Regional Research Station, Mudigere. They recognized 26 distinct types based on characters such as leaf pubescence, height and colour of aerial stem, panicle type etc.

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