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Britain's freshwater fishes by Mark Everard

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By Mark Everard

Britain hosts a variety of freshwater environments, from torrential hill streams and lowland rivers to lakes and reservoirs, ponds and canals, and ditches and estuaries. Britain's Freshwater Fishes covers greater than 50 species of freshwater and brackish fish present in those waters. This fantastically illustrated consultant beneficial properties in-the-hand and in-the-water pictures all through, and available and informative overviews of issues similar to fish biology and lifestyles cycles. exact species money owed describe key identity positive aspects, with details on prestige, dimension and weight, habitat, ecology, and conservation. The booklet additionally encompasses a word list and recommendations for extra reading.

This easy-to-use box advisor could be worthwhile to someone drawn to Britain's freshwater fish existence, from naturalists and teachers to scholars and anglers.

  • Covers all of Britain's freshwater fishes
  • Features appealing photographs all through
  • Includes distinct details on greater than 50 species, the locations they inhabit, and their roles in Britain's ecosystems
  • Attractively designed and simple to use

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Example text

Fins are surfaces used by fish for stability and/or to produce lift, thrust or steerage in water. In bony fish, most fins may have rays and often also spines. Fry is a term used to describe early juvenile free-swimming life-stages of fishes, when the juveniles are reliant upon external sources for nutrition. In salmon and trout, the fry is the life-stage between alevin and parr. For many species, young fish are generally considered fry during their first year, although the term is somewhat imprecise.

In some species, grinding of the pharyngeal teeth can be used to make a sound. The shape of the pharyngeal teeth may be used definitively to identify some fish species or their hybrids, but requires the fish to be killed. Roach have a clear overbite. Piscivore. A carnivorous fish or other animal that primarily eats fish. Planktivore. A fish or other animal that feeds primarily on plankton, or small organisms suspended in the water column. Most British planktivorous fish species eat zooplankton (small animals such as water fleas) rather than phytoplankton (small plants mainly comprising algae).

Underslung (mouth). For those fish species in which the mouth has a pronounced downward orientation below the snout, such as Barbel, the mouth is said to be underslung (or ‘inferior’ – see page 25). The ventral (or pelvic) fins are paired and located ventrally below the pectoral fins but before the anus (see page 22). The ventral fins help the fish maintain orientation in the water, turn and stop. Ventral fins are vestigial in the European Eel and are absent in the lampreys. Vomerine teeth are small teeth that are found on the front part of the roof of the mouth in some species, such as the European Seabass.

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