World War I

Britain and the Origins of the New Europe 1914-1918 (LSE by Kenneth J. Calder

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By Kenneth J. Calder

In 1914 the British govt used to be now not drawn to nationwide self-determination in japanese Europe, yet by way of November 1918 it used to be deeply concerned with quite a few japanese ecu topic nationalities and used to be dedicated via implication to their independence. This publication makes an attempt to give an explanation for this evolution in British coverage with regards to the Poles, Czechoslovaks and Yugoslavs, the 3 most crucial topic nationalities in japanese Europe. The e-book is predicated totally on the reputable documents of the British govt, that have been supplemented with fabric from inner most collections. Dr Calder argues that British coverage on nationwide self-determination constructed now not due to theoretical speculations yet of the wartime kinfolk among the govt and the Polish, Czechoslovak and Yugoslav nationwide enterprises. This booklet strains the evolution in British kinfolk with the Polish, Czechoslovak and Yugoslav nationality organisations from August 1914 to November 1918. It exhibits how the preliminary contacts have been confirmed and the way kinfolk built progressively because the executive sought to take advantage of those firms in propaganda, espionage and the formation of army devices. It makes an attempt to evaluate the consequences of this co-operation at the attitudes of British officers and the coverage of the govt.

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Sample text

27 During November and 22 Britain and the Origins of the New Europe 1914-1918 December the foreign office seems to have known the general trend of home office policy without knowing the details. 28 The home office and the police had no interest in foreign policy and their leniency was not based on humanitarian considerations. They were concerned with the magnitude of the alien problem and wanted to reduce the numbers interned. It was a problem of administration and security, not foreign policy.

But the reference to Croatia in the later note constituted less than had been said in May. The note of August also stated that these guarantees were subject to Serbian concessions to Bulgaria in Macedonia; a condition never previously mentioned. The Serbian government would, therefore, have been quite justified in thinking that the Entente was now offering less at a far higher price. By making unofficial promises Grey had manoeuvred himself into a ridiculous position. The note failed to convince the Serbian government to make the desired concessions to Bulgaria.

If the Serbian government would abandon the Greater Serbian programme in favour of the Yugoslav programme, the aspirations of both Serbia and Bulgaria could be satisfied and a league could be formed. During the negotiations, the British government, under the influence of the Yugoslavs, overestimated the strength in Serbia of the exponents of Yugoslavism. 14 On 19 February 1915, the British navy began the campaign against the Dardanelles. A. 16 Although the campaign seemed to have little influence on Bulgaria, it had an effect on the Italian government which, on 4 March 1915, expressed its willingness to join the Entente in exchange for promises of rather large areas of the Habsburg monarchy.

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