World War I

Biplanes and Bombsights: British Bombing in World War I by George K Williams

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By George K Williams

Colonel Williams provides a accomplished examine of British bombing efforts within the nice conflict. He contends that the legit model of prices and effects underplays the prices whereas overplaying the consequences. Supported via postwar findings of either US and British overview groups, he argues that British bombing efforts have been considerably much less potent than heretofore believed. Colonel Williams additionally provides a powerful argument that German air defenses prompted significantly much less harm to British forces than pilot mistakes, malfunctioning airplane, and undesirable climate. That we believed another way helps the idea that British bombing raids had compelled Germany to move major air resources to shield opposed to them. Williams, although, chanced on no proof that such a move happened. real effects, Colonel Williams argues, stand in powerful distinction to claimed effects.

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89 . , Admiralty Communique no. 375, 24 March 1917. 90. , Admiralty Communique no. 388, 10 April 1917. 91 . , Admiralty Communique no. 379, 28 March 1917. 92 . Maurer, 444. 93. , 440 94. , 441. 95. H . A. Jones, War in the Air, vol. 6, 122. 96. Neville Jones, The Origins ofStrategic Bombing, 123-24. 97 . , 123-28. 98. , 129. 99. PRO, AIR 1/477/15/312/229, Lieutenant Colonel Davidson, DDAL to Director of Flying Operations, subject : The Increase of (1) German Home Defence Flights and (2) Anti-Aircraft Defences of Germany, 24 September 1918.

Dissipation of effort, and the willingness of Vice Adm Sir Reginald Bacon, commander of the Dover Patrol, to subordinate squadrons to Field Marshal Haig, kept the wing from its primary mission. It never waged a systematic bombing campaign of sufficient intensity to substantiate the worth of its independent activities, defaulting to Germany the strategic initiative for conducting long-range aerial operations . No. 5 Wing, RNAS became No. 2 Sir David Henderson, Director-General of Military Aeronautics (DGMA), sent this memorandum to the Admiralty in late 1916: It is, to my mind, absolutely essential that during this winter, the duties and requirements of the different air forces should be definitely laid down.

Preparations at Ochey continued ; under the fitful scrutiny of the War Cabinet in London . The commencement of active air operations did not, however, signify that the points of contention between Whitehall and the field had been resolved . As head of the Royal Flying Corps in France ; and responsible for the fortunes of this new Cabinet bombing scheme, Trenchard was particularly disturbed at the government's recent decisions . The politicians had ignored his pleas for Western Front offensives .

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