Bannockburn: The Triumph of Robert the Bruce by David Cornell
By David Cornell
Few battles resonate via British background as strongly as Bannockburn. On June 24, 1314, the Scots lower than the management of Robert the Bruce unexpectedly trounced the English, leaving hundreds of thousands lifeless or wounded. The victory was once one among Scotland’s maximum, the extra so as the Scottish military used to be outnumbered by means of approximately 3 to 1. The loss to the English, struggling with less than Edward II, used to be staggering.
In this groundbreaking account of Bannockburn, David Cornell units the long-lasting conflict in political and armed forces context and focuses new consciousness at the roles of Robert and Edward within the occasions resulting in the accumulation in their armies. the writer brings the two-day conflict to existence and reassesses either the the most important mêlée fought at the moment day and the casualties suffered by way of the English. jam-packed with colourful element and clean insights, the e-book throws new gentle at the conflict itself, the nature of the English defeat, the influence of that defeat at the process the Anglo-Scottish wars, and the robust effect of the battle’s legacy on English and Scottish nationwide identity.
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Additional info for Bannockburn: The Triumph of Robert the Bruce
The third was the garrison of Stirling Castle. 2 They were no longer protected by law, their lives effectively considered to be forfeit. The brutal executions that Wallace and Fraser were subsequently to suffer would provide a vivid demonstration of the grisly end awaiting those who had been outlawed. On 20 April the fate of the garrison was sealed when Edward granted away their goods and chattels, dispossessing them of everything they owned. At the outset of the siege the constable of the castle, the Perthshire knight William Oliphant, had refused to surrender without first speaking to the Scottish lord, John de Soules, as Oliphant held the castle ‘of the Lion’ – of the Scottish Crown.
The hated Cressingham had crossed with the vanguard and was killed, his bloated corpse later skinned and a strip fashioned into a macabre sword belt for Wallace. Warenne, the chief architect of the disaster, had not made the crossing and survived. 5 When he heard of the defeat, Edward I was predictably enraged. The battle of Stirling Bridge was a cutting embarrassment to English arms and he was determined to avenge it; in this sense the only decisive outcome of the battle was an intensification of the ferocity with which the war was fought.
Indeed, if these senseless Scottish raids achieved anything it was only to raise the anger and determination of King Edward. Knowing that their forces were too inferior to meet the English army in battle, the Scottish lords subsequently sought refuge in the castle of Dunbar. Seduced by the outward defensive strength of the castle, they failed to appreciate that its walls could also serve as a prison to those trapped inside. In late April Edward dispatched a cavalry force under the command of John de Warenne, earl of Surrey, to take Dunbar.