Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Reference Handbook by Raphael Bernier Ph.D., Jennifer Gerdts
By Raphael Bernier Ph.D., Jennifer Gerdts
Autism describes a fancy developmental incapacity that interferes with social interplay and conversation. signs of autism are typically recognizable whilst young ones are less than the age of 3. until eventually the Nineties, premiums for autism have been more often than not expected at 1 in 2500. In 2010, despite the fact that, the estimate is now 1 in one hundred ten kids. Is the occurrence of autism expanding, or has there easily been a shift in how frequently this incapacity is clinically determined because the problem?This textual content offers a accomplished clarification of autism spectrum problems (ASD). Autism Spectrum problems: A Reference instruction manual educates readers approximately ASD with out counting on complicated clinical jargon, highlighting present realizing of etiology, neuroscience, and intervention. It additionally discusses the ancient and cultural affects of ASD and explores the debatable features of autism.
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Extra info for Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Reference Handbook (Contemporary World Issues)
Head circumference is considered to be a fairly accurate estimation of overall brain size. Although children with ASD do not have larger heads at birth on average, they often experience a rapid growth of head circumference in the first year of life, which then slows after 12 months of age. The relation between head circumference and ASD symptoms is variable and findings across studies are inconsistent. Some studies have found that increased head size in ASD is advantageous and is related to higher IQ (Sacco et al.
Standardized testing is often conducted during diagnostic evaluations for ASD to determine the individual’s level of adaptive and cognitive functioning. Executive functioning, memory, and learning abilities may also be examined. Standardized testing refers to a general category of neuropsychological assessments that have been widely used with individuals of a variety of ages. 22 Background and Overview of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) The tests are administered using a specific manual and are designed to be given in the same way to every individual who takes the test.
1999) and the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI; Lord, Rutter, and Le Couteur 1994). The development of the DSM-V is underway and significant revisions to the diagnostic process are currently under discussion. Some of the potential modifications include the addition of new subtypes of pervasive developmental disorders (PDDs) and the combination of the social and communication domains of impairment to reflect one focal area of impairment in social communication. The final outcome remains to be determined.