Aspects Of The Theory Of Morphology (Trends in Linguistics. by Igor Mel'cuk, David Beck

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By Igor Mel'cuk, David Beck

The booklet is devoted to linguistic morphology and it encompasses a comic strip of a whole morphological idea, founded round a dialogue of basic thoughts corresponding to morph vs. morpheme, inflectional classification, voice, grammatical case, contract vs. govt, suppletion, relationships among linguistic indicators, etc.: the most well liked concerns in smooth linguistics! The e-book introduces rigorous and transparent techniques essential to describe morphological phenomena of common languages. between different issues, it bargains logical calculi of attainable grammemes in a given type. The presentation is constructed in a typological point of view, in order that linguistic info from a wide number of languages are defined and analyzed (about a hundred typologically very diversified languages). the most approach is deductive: the ideas proposed in elements of the idea of Morphology are in response to a small set of indefinibilia and every thought is outlined by way of those indefinibilia and/or different options outlined formerly; for that reason, logical calculi should be built (similar to Mendeleev's Periodical desk of components in chemistry). Then the concept that is utilized to the particular linguistic information to illustrate its validity and benefits. therefore, elements of the speculation of Morphology combines metalinguistic recreation (a method of strategies for morphology) with typological and descriptive orientation. It reaches out to all scholars of language, together with the border fields and functions.

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Extra resources for Aspects Of The Theory Of Morphology (Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs)

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Quasi-elementary sign: a sign that is quasi-representable in terms of other signs. 13. , an elementary or quasielementary sign. Lexical concepts 14. , an utterance not containing other utterances, a sufficiently autonomous linguistic sign which is not necessarily elementary. Notation: w. All signs that appear in the representation of the wordform w are said to be components of w. (See Mel’Āuk 1993 – 2000, vol. 4. Intermediate concepts used in this book 21 1: Ch. 4, p. ) 15. Lex: a wordform or a phrase which is an analytical form (of a lexeme); examples: sees, saw, will see or has been seen, for the verb [to] SEE.

Yn/}. 10. , Yn. Thus, the sign am is representable only in its signified: (am) = {(be), (INDIC), (PRES), (1 PERS), (SG)}, but not in its signifier: /æm/ ≠ {/bĦ/, /Ø/}. A sign quasi-representable in its signified is suppletive with respect to some other sign(s); see Chapter 8, p. 405ff. The expression kick the bucket, on the contrary, is representable only in its signifier: kick the bucket = {kick, the, bucket}, but not in its signified: (die) ≠ {(kick), (the), (bucket)}. A sign quasi-representable in its signifier is an idiom with respect to the signs that constitute it; cf.

2, p. ) Accepting this way of constructing definitions guarantees the consistently deductive and strictly hierarchical character of the conceptual system developed in this book. Separation of defining features Modern linguistics shows a clear tendency to describe a complex linguistic phenomenon P by a ‘multifaceted’ definition, which leads to a cluster concept, aimed at capturing the sum of properties that accrue to P. In a sharp contrast, I lay emphasis on separating as much as possible the defining features of P, thus creating fine-grained concepts each of which characterizes P only partially.

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