Acid Gas Injection and Related Technologies by Ying Wu, John J. Carroll
By Ying Wu, John J. Carroll
Huge manufacturers have began to use fuel injection for his or her purposes and sooner or later it really is expected that this development increases. This booklet is the main finished and updated assurance of this system, that is swiftly expanding in significance and utilization within the usual fuel and petroleum undefined. The authors, a gaggle of the main famous and revered within the box, talk about, in a chain of papers, this know-how and comparable applied sciences as to how they could top be utilized by to making a more secure, cleanser atmosphere.
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Additional info for Acid Gas Injection and Related Technologies
J. Carroll /. Canadian Petroleum Technology 41 (2002). 4. S. G. Jones, D. R. Rosa and J. E. Johnson Oil & Gas Journal 102,45-51, March 8 (2004). 5. J. J. Carroll, 81 st GPA Convention, Dallas, TX, March 11-13 (2002). 6. J. R. Maddocks, M. Conacher and L. Dixon, SOGAT Proceedings, 235-253, May (2007). 7. , Calgary, AB. 8. , Calgary, AB. 9. A. Chapoy, A. H. Mohammadi, A. Chareton, B. Tohidi and D. Richon, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 43,1794-1802 (2004). 10. A. Chapoy, A. H. Mohammadi, B. Tohidi, A. Valtz and D.
Synthetic techniques are commonly used to detect high pressure hydrates, normally visually or calorimetrically. ASRL uses a high pressure visual cell with sapphire windows. Synthetic fluids are gravimetrically made in larger cylinders (ca. 100 cm3) by charging H20(Z), H2S(Z) and C02(Z) respectively. 3 MPa. Fluids are then heated and expanded into a visual cell (single phase). The cell is immersed in a glycol bath and is cooled below the hydrate temperature to induce hydrate formation. The temperature of the cell is then slowly raised until the hydrate disappears (melts).
For illustration of how the compression cycles can be used to partially dehydrate an acid gas, the phase behavior of a 50:50 H 2 S/C0 2 acid gas is shown in Figures la and lb along with a simplified four cycle compression scheme and water dew point curves [7, 8]. In order to simplify the diagram, the compression profile is unrealistically efficient, the hydrate formation curve has not been included (compression scheme is above T = 40°C), and the inlet gas contains 2% H 2 0 which is closer to second stage suction saturation conditions.