A Grammar of Mapuche (Mouton Grammar Library) by Smeets, Ineke
By Smeets, Ineke
Mapuche is the language of the Mapuche (or Araucanians), the local population of primary Chile. The Mapuche language, also referred to as Mapudungu, is spoken via approximately 400,000 humans in Chile and 40,000 in Argentina. The Mapuche humans, predicted at approximately a million, represent the vast majority of the Chilean indigenous inhabitants. The background of the Mapuche is the tale of passionate combatants who controlled to forestall the Inca's yet succumbed to the Spanish invaders after and a part century of war. the connection of the Mapuche language with different Amerindian languages has no longer but been verified. Mapuche is a hugely agglutinative language with a fancy verbal morphology. This ebook bargains a finished and distinctive description of the Mapuche language. It features a grammar (phonology, morphology and syntax), a set of texts (stories, conversations and songs) with morphological analyses and loose translations, and a Mapuche-English dictionary with quite a few derivations and examples. The grammar is preceded by way of a socio-historical cartoon of the Mapuche humans and a short dialogue of earlier stories of the Mapuche language. the fabric for the outline used to be accrued via the writer with the aid of 5 Mapuche audio system with cognizance to the dialectal variations among them. The abundance of completely analysed examples makes for a full of life decription of the language. The intricacy of the verbal morphology will arouse the curiosity not just of these who perform Amerindian linguistics but additionally of these who're attracted to language conception and language typology.
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Mapuche (Mouton Grammar Library)
Moesbach followed with the publication of the autobiography and memoirs of Pascual Co˜ na, a Mapuche leader, in “Vida y costumbres de los ind´ıgenas araucanos en la segunda mitad del siglo XIX” (Moesbach 1930). The texts give an invaluable insight in the beliefs, customs and lives of the Mapuche at the end of the nineteenth century. Salas (1992a) discusses the diﬀerent genres in Mapuche oral literature and includes a number of texts. Argentinian Mapuche stories are presented in Golbert de Goodbar (1975), Fern´ andez Garay (2002) and Fern´ andez Garay in collaboration with Poduje and Crochetti (1993).
Traﬁya [caf´ıya] ‘tonight’, luwa [l´ 38 Phonemic structure of roots, suffixes and words Roots consist of one, two or three syllables. Trisyllabic roots are not frequent. The minimal root comprises a single vowel. Examples of Mapuche roots: V i‘to eat’ CV ka ‘other’ VC am ‘soul’ CVC kal ‘hair’ VCV ale ‘moon’ CVCV ruka ‘house’ VCVC aling ‘fever’ VCCV alka ‘male’ CVCCV lewf¨ u ‘river’ VCCVC aywi˜ n ‘shadow’ CVCVC yiwi˜ n ‘fat’ CVCCVC changki˜ n ‘island’ VCVCV ekepe ‘lever’ CVCVCV kollella ‘ant’ CVCCVCV kollkoma ‘coot’ CVCVCCV pif¨ ullka ‘ﬂute’ VCVCCVC achellpen/ ‘ﬂoating ashes’ achellpe˜ n CVCVCVC ku˜ nifall ‘orphan’ CVCCVCVC liwp¨ uyi˜ n ‘a pine bush’ Not recorded are roots of the types VCCVCV, VCVCCV, VCVCVC, VCCVCVC and CVCVCCVC.
They occur in a more or less ﬁxed position relative to one another. On the basis of their relative position in the verb form, and their function, verbal suﬃxes have been assigned to a slot. There are 36 slots. These are numbered from the end of the verb form toward the beginning, slot 1 occupying word ﬁnal position, slot 36 being closest to the root. Certain slots contain a number of mutually exclusive ﬁllers, one of which may be a zero marker. Suﬃxes which occupy diﬀerent slots may exclude one another for grammatical or semantic reasons.